Ikebana – What is?
Japanese art of flower arrangement, Ikebana is more than just bring in flowers in a container. It is a disciplined art form in which the arrangement is to be dynamic in which nature and humanity are joined.
As in other arts Ikebana is a creative expression with respect to certain rules. The materials used are living branches, leaves, herbs and sprouts and its heart lies the beauty of the combination of colors, natural forms, the fine lines and latent meaning of the arrangement as a whole.
The Ikebana is so much more than a mere floral arrangement. It is an art in the sense that they are painting and sculpture. Is based on a history, various theories and creativity must be present.
In Japan, flower arrangements are used as decoration at the same level of sculpture and painting.
The Ikebana is an expression of love and respect for nature. In Japan people do not hesitate to show their devotion to flowers as a fundamental aspect of nature. Men, women, children, open and without complexes in its relationship of admiration for the beauty of nature
Hence there are numerous experts men in floral arrangements. In fact, in the past Ikebana was considered an appropriate study to the strongest Samurai. Many of the great masters of Ikebana are men. The Ikebana, for many men and women, is not a hobby but an occupation, a profession.
Nature is always changing, born leaves, fall leaves, the flowers bloom, fruits ripen etc. Nature has its own rhythm and order The awakening to this reality is the first step of involvement in Ikebana. The Ikebana is not reducible to bring a finite piece of nature into the house. It’s much more than that. The Ikebana aims to bring into the house something we suggest to nature as a whole, which suggests a link to what is inside and outside the home.
That’s why the Ikebanistas use different types of flowers in one arrangement, it is also why we give special attention to leaves and branches without flowers as the buds of flowers. Even when using a single flower in the arrangement looking to excel through it all its implications as a symbol of nature.
The Ikebana is difficult? The fact that the Ikebana is an art like sculpture and painting, and equivalent to these in all its dimensions does not make him an art only for some! In fact anyone with some time and skill can make beautiful arrangements soon. In fact, as in other arts, it is necessary to master certain fundamental techniques before proceeding to the free creation.
spiritual aspects of Ikebana- Many practitioners feel that the spiritual aspect of Ikebana is very important. The Ikebana works as a tranquilizer, as a reliever. Help people to live in the moment and appreciate aspects of nature that we had not noticed or we seemed insignificant. People become more patient and tolerant of differences, not only in nature but in general more tolerant of others and the world in general. The Ikebana can inspire you to identify with beauty in all forms of art: painting, music ETCE always expect the best of himself.
That is done Ikebana? The various forms of ikebana share certain characteristics regardless of school and the time in which it arose. Any type of plant component can be used -ramos, leaves, weeds, mosses, and fruits can be used, as well as flowers. Dried leaves and small buds and flower buds are considered as flowers in full bloom. I want to work is only composed of a single type of material or different types of materials, selection of elements for the arrangement requires “artistic eye”. An arrangement with considerable technical performance combines materials to create a beauty that can not find in nature.
In that differs from the common Ikebana floral arrangements? -it is its asymmetrical shape and the use of empty space as an integral aspect of the arrangement in its totalidade.Também the sense of harmony between the materials, the container and the environment are essential. These aesthetic features are common to other Japanese arts such as painting, gardens, architecture and design.
History of Ikebana
Practiced for over 600 years was created from the Buddhist ritual of offering flowers to the spirits The first teachers were students, monks and members of the nobility, it evolved through to be practiced by all social classes.
Ikebana-Ikenobo- Origin of the oldest school, begins with the monk’s temple Rokkakudoem Kyotoque was so admirable in this art that other monks began to imitate. different patterns and styles have evolved and séculoXV were already quite common as to be already appreciated by the people in general and not only the most sophisticated layers of society.
Over time Ikebana has become important part of traditional festivals and exhibitions of Ikebana started to be carried out periodically. Establishment of rules and combination of materials have come to be combined in specific ways.
Setting the basic form: a higher central branch would have to be accompanied by two smaller ones. Represented heaven, man and earth.
In 1545 the Ikenobo school at this time already implemented well established principles style Rikkadando names to 7 branches used in that type of arrangement.
By the end of the century. XIX Ikebana was practiced primarily by men at this time also women began to take lessons. The number of schools increases, and also new styles begin to appear.
MORIBANA Style: The Ohara School
The turning forthe century. XX represented a revolution in IKEBANA estilosde. Even then a popular pastime, now considered essential for sophisticated women.
The Lord Unshin Ohara, Ikenobo professor in Kobe invented a form of ikebana in a bowl and asked the Ikenobo school passed to include this style in your program. The school refused but authorized him to use this style in his school if he could arrange students. An exhibition in a large store in Kobe was a resounding success for this new style. The Ohara school had started their own way.
KoshuTsujii a Moribana enthusiast was invited to restore Ikebana escolade the Temple Daikakuji in Saga, which today is called Saga School.
Choka Adachi initiated the School Adachi. About the same time appeared a new style that began to attract attention for its free and colorful approach. This style eventually implement and Sogetsu school was fundadaem 1926.
The predominant schools today are: Ikenobo, Sogetsu Oharae
TERMINOLOGY OF IKEBANA
CHABANA an IKEBANA arrangement designed to be displayed in a tea ceremony room, or in connection with a tea ceremony. Like the tea ceremony itself, chabanaarrangements should be simple, understated, and restrained.
HANAIRE or SUIBAN flower container, vase, bowl for flower arrangement
HASAMI clippers or scissors used for cutting floral and plant materialsfor IKEBANA. Unlike garden shears or cutters, these scissors donot have a spring in the grip.
HEIKA IKEBANA arrangement in a tall, cylindrical vase with a narrow opening
IEMOTO the headmaster of an IKEBANA school
IKEBANA SCHOOL a school of IKEBANA is a method or style of arranging flowers and other materials. It may or may not have a physical “school building”
KENZAN a holder into which flowers are insertedsothat they are fixed firmly for an IKEBANA arrangement. In general, kenzanhave many sharp points,andare called a “pin holder” or “needlepoint holder” in English. Also known as a “frog”.
KOMI a v-shaped flower holder cut from a thick branch
KOMIWARA a flower holder made of straw sheaves,intowhich the branches used in the arrangementareinserted.
MIZUGIWA the base of the arrangement; the root or origin of the flower arrangement.
MORIBANA IKEBANA arrangement in a low, shallow container with a wide opening
NAGEIRE STYLE an IKEBANA arrangement in a tall vase.”Nageire” means “thrown-in” in the original meaning of this term,onesticks the flowers in by simply throwing them in the vase.However, the style has become formalized.
RIKKA STYLE the first formal style of flower arrangement,developedin the early part of the fifteenth century. How the flowers areto be arranged is determined by strict formal rules.
SEIKA or SHOKA STYLE a type of traditional IKEBANA arrangement characterized by a tight bundle of stemswhichform a triangular three-branched asymmetrical structure. This style is similar to the rikkastyle, but has fewer, less strict rules. It originated in the mid-18th century.
TOKONOMA an alcove in a traditional Japanese-style room. The alcove is set aside for the display of beautifulobjects, including IKEBANA arrangements.
EQUIPMENT OF IKEBANACONTAINER
A container may be selected for a particular arrangement after the arranger examines the nature of the available floral and branch materials. Alternatively, a container may inspire the selection of materials that will be included in the arrangement. The size of the container should be suitable for the space where it is to be placed, and the materials must be cut in proportion to the size of the container.BAMBOOBASKET Seasonality is the primary consideration in choosing floral materials and their basket containers. Bamboo baskets are most commonly used during the warm months, from April or May to October.Light-colored or bleached bamboo baskets are used in spring and summer,usuallywith pastel or light-hued floral materials. Dark baskets are for fall and winter arrangements,whichoften include wild berries and vines. The plants and flowers commonly arranged in baskets include grasses,especially ones found typically growing on hilly terrain. Aquatic plants are never used,andtropical blooms are very difficult to use with basket holders since they lack seasonality. The arrangements should be kept soft and loose,soas to accentuate the basket’s delicate qualities. When using a bamboo basket, you cannot use akenzan,butmust use a hand-fashioned flower holder. GLASS CONTAINER While ceramic containers absorb light, glass containers reflect–or refract –it. Their brilliance and vivid colors cannot be duplicated in ceramics. Most IKEBANA arrangers use transparent glass containers. When using transparent containers,rememberthat glass acts like a lens and magnifies whatever iscontainedinside.Therefore, it’s best not to use akenzan, or if you use one, cover it with bamboo or stones. You can also hold floral materials in place with colored wires or vines,or bend branches to prop them against the wall of the container.Different-sized marbles can also hold floral materials. With transparent glass containers, the amount of water to use is also important. The arrangement should be thought of as consisting of three parts: the area under water,thearea between the water line and the top of the containerandthe space outside the top of the container.
gotoku-dome(tripod) Shaped like a tripod, used to hold an iron kettle or pot over a hibachi fire.
jakago-dome(gabion holder) A tubular basket of iron wire or, occasionally, bamboo with small pebbles inside modeled on gabions that are used to keep riverbank soil from washing away.
kame-dome(turtle holder) Stems inserted in holes made in turtle’s shells.
kani-dome(crab holder) A holder often used for water-themed arrangements.
kanzesui-dome(whirlpool holder) Two attached oblong shapes that look like swirling water.
kenzan(needlepoint holder) A heavy round or square metal block holding sharp needle like points. Easier to use with thick, soft stems rather than thin grasses or heavy branches.
komi-wara(bundled straw) A typical holder for rikkaarrangements. kubari often used for nageire. Use natural Y-shaped branches or cut in a Y-shape.
kutsuwa-dome(horsebitholder) An iron holder shaped like a horse’s bit, which can be twisted into 50 different shapes, each with its own name.
shippo a heavy metal flower holder made of interlocking circles. Materials are inserted into the spaces created by the intersection of the circles. Especially useful for large branch materials.
yagen-kubari Long and short slats are joined with wire to form rectangular holder, with the stems inserted through diagonal slits.
MATERIALS OF IKEBANA
Some of Japan’s traditional festivals have special expression in Ikebana. There are 5 very important parties in the Japanese culture that gives the name of Gosekku and special materials are used.
IKEBANA Materials for Special Occasions